Now integrated houses are widely used, and gradually we find problems in the development of integrated houses in China。 In order to adapt to the development direction of international integrated houses, we must pay attention to the following issues:
China's standards for integrated housing have not been promulgated, causing great difficulties for designers to carry out their work. Blind use of AISC, EC and other foreign standards, and can not be linked with domestic standards. Therefore, we must develop a design method that conforms to China's national conditions and is based on the limit state theory. Integrated housing used by various material standards, such as wall plate, doors and Windows, roofing materials in China belong to different functional departments management, resulting in each standard into its own, can not be connected. According to the characteristics of integrated houses, the state should formulate unified standards for coordination, standardize relevant enterprises, and produce matching products of components and accessories for the convenience of designers.
2. Principle of standardized production the integrated installation and factory production of housing components shall be carried out in strict accordance with the principle of standardization due to their variety and quantity. Therefore, it is the most necessary means to adopt the internationally accepted principle and method of "modular coordination". The task of modular coordination is to formulate the production specifications of various building parts, so that all kinds of building parts can be prepared and installed to the designated parts without error, and the parts produced by different enterprises can be exchanged. Second, the principles of modular coordination is how architects and engineers in building engineering design, can guarantee, the equipment can be reasonably selected parts installed in the house work, and don't interfere with the engineer's creativity and therefore use of modular components continuously meet the needs of all kinds of residents living, improve the living quality requirements. 3. Develop a general residential building system
At present, most of the integrated houses built in China are imported technologies of foreign enterprises。 However, there are differences in enterprise standards in Europe, the United States, Japan and other countries。 Our country should gradually stepped into the stage of the development of common residential building system, namely into the development of social collaboration, production, market circulation of the group purchase way, developers can through the demand of the market, by the architect to provide residential design to satisfy the needs of the residents, through the way of market supply, building diversified, multi-type house, realization of menu choices, meet the needs of the customers。 Integrated houses account for more than 30% in developed countries, while China's integrated houses account for less than 3% in the national housing market。 The integrated house features such as safety, anti-seismic and waterproof, and reusability, which is in line with the national energy conservation and environmental protection policy guidance。 We must take advantage of the new rural construction, draw on advanced international experience, and develop energy-saving and environment-friendly integrated houses in line with China's national conditions。 To achieve professional design, production standardization, modular components, universal accessories, and according to the actual situation of each region, use a variety of building materials, driving the development of local building materials industry。 I believe that energy saving and environmental protection integrated housing in China will be able to develop and expand, for the new rural construction!
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